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Thesis

The application of osmotically assisted reverse osmosis (OARO) processes for low-cost and sustainable zero-liquid discharge (ZLD) desalination

Abstract:

Freshwater scarcity is a globally increasing threat that is aggravated by population growth, economic development, the concomitant increase in consumption, and global climate change. Potable water is mostly extracted from natural fresh water sources, such as rivers, lakes, and aquifers, as these facilitate the cheapest and least energy intensive means of extraction. However, unsustainable extraction rates, which exceed the natural refill rate, inevitably lead to their depletion. Global w...

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Division:
MPLS
Department:
Engineering Science
Sub department:
Engineering Science
Oxford college:
St Hilda's College
Role:
Author

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Role:
Supervisor
Type of award:
DPhil
Level of award:
Doctoral
Awarding institution:
University of Oxford

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