Sex-differential impact of human cytomegalovirus infection on in vitro reactivity to toll-like receptor 2, 4 and 7/8 stimulation in Gambian infants
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection rates approach 100% by the first year of life in low-income countries. It is not known if this drives changes to innate immunity in early life and thereby altered immune reactivity to infections and vaccines. Given the panoply of sex differences in immunity, it is feasible that any immunological effects of HCMV would differ in males and females. We analysed ex vivo innate cytokine responses to a panel of toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands in 108 nine-month...Expand abstract
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