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Logical fallacies as informational shortcuts

Abstract:

The paper argues that the two best known formal logical fallacies, namely denying the antecedent (DA) and affirming the consequent (AC) are not just basic and simple errors, which prove human irrationality, but rather informational shortcuts, which may provide a quick and dirty way of extracting useful information from the environment. DA and AC are shown to be degraded versions of Bayes' theorem, once this is stripped of some of its probabilities. The less the probabilities count, the closer...

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Publication status:
Published
Peer review status:
Peer reviewed

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Publisher copy:
10.1007/s11229-008-9410-y

Authors


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Institution:
"University of Hertfordshire", "University of Oxford"
Oxford college:
St Cross College
Department:
Mathematical,Physical & Life Sciences Division - Computing Laboratory
Role:
Author
Publisher:
Springer Publisher's website
Journal:
Synthese Journal website
Volume:
167
Issue:
2
Pages:
317-325
Publication date:
2009-03-01
DOI:
EISSN:
1573-0964
ISSN:
0039-7857
Language:
English
Keywords:
Subjects:
UUID:
uuid:0f98478a-9a63-4327-bf26-64b1be11c050
Local pid:
ora:3869
Deposit date:
2010-06-10

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