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Bee threat elicits alarm call in African elephants

Abstract:

Unlike the smaller and more vulnerable mammals, African elephants have relatively few predators that threaten their survival. The sound of disturbed African honeybees Apis meliffera scutellata causes African elephants Loxodonta africana to retreat and produce warning vocalizations that lead other elephants to join the flight. In our first experiment, audio playbacks of bee sounds induced elephants to retreat and elicited more head-shaking and dusting, reactive behaviors that...

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Publication status:
Published
Peer review status:
Peer reviewed
Version:
Publisher's version

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Publisher copy:
10.1371/journal.pone.0010346

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Institution:
Save the Elephants, Nairobi, Kenya
Research group:
Animal Behaviour Research Group
Department:
Mathematical, Physical & Life Sciences Division - Zoology
Role:
Author
More by this author
Institution:
Education and Science, Disney's Animal Kingdom, Florida, USA
Role:
Author
More by this author
Institution:
Save the Elephants, Nairobi, Kenya
Research group:
Animal Behaviour Research Group
Department:
Mathematical, Physical & Life Sciences Division - Zoology
Role:
Author
More by this author
Institution:
Education and Science, Disney's Animal Kingdom, Florida, USA
Role:
Author
More by this author
Institution:
Save the Elephants, Nairobi, Kenya
Research group:
Animal Behaviour Research Group
Department:
Mathematical, Physical & Life Sciences Division - Zoology
Role:
Author
Publisher:
Public Library of Science Publisher's website
Journal:
PLoS ONE Journal website
Volume:
5
Issue:
4
Pages:
Article: e10346
Publication date:
2010-04-17
DOI:
EISSN:
1932-6203
URN:
uuid:038834ad-c934-484a-80c6-24754d1815b4
Local pid:
ora:3688
Language:
English
Keywords:
Subjects:

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