Bee threat elicits alarm call in African elephants
Unlike the smaller and more vulnerable mammals, African elephants have relatively few predators that threaten their survival. The sound of disturbed African honeybees Apis meliffera scutellata causes African elephants Loxodonta africana to retreat and produce warning vocalizations that lead other elephants to join the flight. In our first experiment, audio playbacks of bee sounds induced elephants to retreat and elicited more head-shaking and dusting, reactive behaviors that...Expand abstract
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- King et al.
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- Citation: King, L. E. et al. (2010). 'Bee threat elicits alarm call in African elephant', PLoS ONE 5(4), e10346. [Available at http://www.plosone.org]. © 2010 King et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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