Enhancing moral virtues: Increased perceived outgroup morality as a mediator of intergroup contact effects
|Author||Brambilla, M; Hewstone, M; Colucci, FP;|
|Key phrase||intergroup contact morality warmth competence stereotype content|
Consent and research governance in biobanks: evidence from focus groups with medical researchers.
|Abstract||Much is known about patient attitudes to ethical and legal questions in the context of biobanking, particularly regarding privacy protection and consent. However, little is known about the attitudes of medical researchers who use biobanks for research to these issues. Four focus groups with medical researchers in the UK were conducted in 2010-2011. The study highlights a range of issues associated with the research oversight and consent process ( ... [truncated at 450 characters in length]|
|Author||Whitley, EA; Kanellopoulou, N; Kaye, J;|
|Key phrase||Biological Specimen Banks Biomedical Research Focus Groups Humans Informed Consent Morals Research Personnel|
Does clinical equipoise apply to cluster randomized trials in health research?
|Abstract||This article is part of a series of papers examining ethical issues in cluster randomized trials (CRTs) in health research. In the introductory paper in this series, Weijer and colleagues set out six areas of inquiry that must be addressed if the cluster trial is to be set on a firm ethical foundation. This paper addresses the third of the questions posed, namely, does clinical equipoise apply to CRTs in health research? The ethical principle of ... [truncated at 450 characters in length]|
|Author||Binik, A; Weijer, C; McRae, AD; et al|
|Key phrase||Cluster Analysis Evidence-Based Medicine Humans Moral Obligations Patient Rights Patient Selection Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic Research Design Risk Assessment Therapeutic Equipoise Trust|
Serotonin selectively influences moral judgment and behavior through effects on harm aversion.
|Abstract||Aversive emotional reactions to real or imagined social harms infuse moral judgment and motivate prosocial behavior. Here, we show that the neurotransmitter serotonin directly alters both moral judgment and behavior through increasing subjects' aversion to personally harming others. We enhanced serotonin in healthy volunteers with citalopram (a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor) and contrasted its effects with both a pharmacological control ... [truncated at 450 characters in length]|
|Author||Crockett, MJ; Clark, L; Hauser, MD; et al|
|Key phrase||Adult Behavior Citalopram Decision Making Fear Humans Judgment Male Morals Neuropsychological Tests Placebos Serotonin Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors Social Behavior|
A new moral consensus is needed for medical decision making.
|Key phrase||Consensus Decision Making Ethics, Medical Humans Morals|