Self-testing for cancer: a community survey.
|Abstract||Cancer-related self-tests are currently available to buy in pharmacies or over the internet, including tests for faecal occult blood, PSA and haematuria. Self-tests have potential benefits (e.g. convenience) but there are also potential harms (e.g. delays in seeking treatment). The extent of cancer-related self-test use in the UK is not known. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of cancer-related self-test use.|
|Author||Wilson, S; Ryan, AV; Greenfield, SM; et al|
|Key phrase||Adolescent Adult Aged Aged, 80 and over Data Collection Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures Female Great Britain Health Care Surveys Humans Male Middle Aged Neoplasms Prevalence Questionnaires Self Care|
Range of self-tests available to buy in the United Kingdom: an Internet survey.
|Abstract||We aimed to describe the availability in the United Kingdom of self-tests that are used to diagnose or screen for conditions without involving a health professional. A systematic Internet search identified 104 unique self-tests related to 24 named conditions including cancers, chronic conditions and infections. These self-tests require various samples including blood obtained using a lancet. The samples are processed at home with results availabl ... [truncated at 450 characters in length]|
|Author||Ryan, A; Wilson, S; Greenfield, S; et al|
|Key phrase||Diagnostic Equipment Great Britain Health Care Surveys Health Services Accessibility Humans Internet Reagent Kits, Diagnostic Self Care|
Prevalence of the use of cancer related self-tests by members of the public: a community survey.
|Abstract||Self-tests are those where an individual can obtain a result without recourse to a health professional, by getting a result immediately or by sending a sample to a laboratory that returns the result directly. Self-tests can be diagnostic, for disease monitoring, or both. There are currently tests for more than 20 different conditions available to the UK public, and self-testing is marketed as a way of alerting people to serious health problems so ... [truncated at 450 characters in length]|
|Author||Wilson, S; Greenfield, S; Pattison, HM; et al|
|Key phrase||Adolescent Adult Aged Aged, 80 and over Bias (Epidemiology) Confounding Factors (Epidemiology) Data Collection Humans Middle Aged Neoplasms Reagent Kits, Diagnostic Sample Size Self-Examination|
Specific phobias in older adults: characteristics and differential diagnosis.
|Abstract||Differential diagnosis implies identifying shared and divergent characteristics between clinical states. Clinical work with older adults demands not only the knowledge of nosological features associated with differential diagnosis, but also recognition of idiosyncratic factors associated with this population. Several factors can interfere with an accurate diagnosis of specific phobia in older cohorts. The goal of this paper is to review criteria ... [truncated at 450 characters in length]|
|Author||Coelho, CM; Gonçalves, DC; Purkis, H; et al|
|Key phrase||Age Factors Aged Agoraphobia Diagnosis, Differential Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Humans Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Panic Disorder Phobic Disorders Psychiatric Status Rating Scales Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic|
Results of diagnostic accuracy studies are not always validated.
|Abstract||Internal validation of a diagnostic test estimates the degree of random error, using the original data of a diagnostic accuracy study. External validation requires a new study in an independent but similar population. Here we describe whether diagnostic research is validated, which technique is used, and to what extent the validation study results differ from the original.|
|Author||Van den Bruel, A; Aertgeerts, B; Buntinx, F;|
|Key phrase||Databases, Bibliographic Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures Humans Periodicals as Topic Predictive Value of Tests Reproducibility of Results Research Design|