Intention and foresight--from ethics to law and back again.
|Author||Foster, C; Herring, J; Melham, K; et al|
|Key phrase||Double Effect Principle Ethical Analysis Euthanasia Euthanasia, Active, Voluntary Euthanasia, Passive Humans Intention|
Knowing when to stop: futility in the ICU.
|Abstract||Decisions to withdraw or withhold potentially life-sustaining treatment are common in intensive care and precede the majority of deaths. When families resist or oppose doctors' suggestions that it is time to stop treatment, it is often unclear what should be done. This review will summarize recent literature around futility judgements in intensive care emphasising ethical and practical questions.|
|Author||Wilkinson, DJ; Savulescu, J;|
|Key phrase||Euthanasia, Passive Humans Intensive Care Intensive Care Units Medical Futility Resuscitation Orders Withholding Treatment|
Should all patients who attempt suicide be treated?
|Abstract||Some patients who attempt suicide refuse treatment. These patients are invariably treated if brought to hospital. There are several reasons for this. These reasons justify the treatment of many of these patients, but not all. Some patients who attempt suicide ought to be allowed to die. My argument for this claim turns on judging some patients who attempt suicide to be sufficiently competent and rational be allowed to die.|
|Key phrase||Death and Euthanasia Medical Treatment Act 1988 (Victoria) Euthanasia, Passive Humans Legislation, Medical Liability, Legal Life Support Care Mental Competency Personal Autonomy Quality of Life Right to Die Suicide, Attempted Treatment Refusal Victoria|
The Least Worst Death, by Margaret Pabst Battin.
|Key phrase||Death and Euthanasia The Least Worst Death (Battin, M.P.) Advance Directives Aged Coercion Cost-Benefit Analysis Counseling Decision Making Ethics Euthanasia Euthanasia, Active, Voluntary Euthanasia, Passive Freedom Germany Health Care Rationing Human Rights Humans International Cooperation Internationality Persistent Vegetative State Personal Autonomy Physicians Public Policy Quality of Life Resource Allocation Right to Die Social Justice Stress, Psychological Suicide Suicide, Assisted Terminology as Topic Value of Life Wedge Argument Withholding Treatment|
The trouble with do-gooders: the example of suicide.
|Abstract||This paper describes the concept of a do-gooder: a person who does unwanted good. It illustrates why doing-good is a problem and argues that patients should not be compelled to do what is best. It shows the ways in which doctors covertly do-good and offers a critique of these. The discussion focuses on the example of the treatment of patients who attempt suicide.|
|Key phrase||Analytical Approach Death and Euthanasia Beneficence Ethics, Medical Euthanasia, Passive Humans Jehovah's Witnesses Paternalism Personal Autonomy Physician's Role Physician-Patient Relations Social Responsibility Social Values Stress, Psychological Suicide, Attempted Treatment Refusal|