ORA Article: "Naturalistic observations of smiling and laughter in human group interactions" - uuid:a202fb1e-f4c0-4694-a5d2-cc6cbf9c85df

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http://ora.ox.ac.uk/objects/ora:3190

Reference: Marc Mehu and Robin I. M. Dunbar, (2008). Naturalistic observations of smiling and laughter in human group interactions. Behaviour, 145 (12), 1747-1780.

Citable link to this page: http://ora.ox.ac.uk/objects/uuid:a202fb1e-f4c0-4694-a5d2-cc6cbf9c85df
 
Title: Naturalistic observations of smiling and laughter in human group interactions

Abstract: Although smiling and laughter have received considerable attention from researchers, little is known about the way they are displayed in naturally occurring group interactions. This aspect could be crucial if we want to understand the function of affiliative behaviours in social relationships. Naturalistic observations were conducted in areas where people could be watched interacting in small groups. Focal sampling of men and women allowed the recording of smiling and laughter frequencies, as well as group size and composition in terms of age and sex. Overall, smiling and laughter were influenced by group size and age of people involved. Smiling and laughter were also affected by other aspects of social context, depending on the type of behaviour concerned and the sex of individuals. By deriving predictions from three hypotheses - sexual advertisement, social competition, and cooperation - this study revealed that smiling and laughter are likely to be involved in the formation of cooperative relationships.


Publication status:Published
Peer Review status:Peer reviewed
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About The Authors
institution"University of Liverpool", "University of Geneva"
facultyBritish Academy Centenary Research Project,School of Biological Sciences
facultyDepartment of Psychology & Swiss Centre for Affective Sciences
 
websitehttp://www.icea.ox.ac.uk/about/staff/dunbar/
institution"University of Liverpool", "University of Oxford"
facultyBritish Academy Centenary Research Project,School of Biological Sciences
facultySocial Sciences Division - Anthropology and Museum Ethnography,School of - Cognitive & Evolutionary Anthropology,Institute of
oxfordCollegeMagdalen College
 
Bibliographic Details
Publisher: Brill
Host: Behaviour see more from them
Volume: 145
Issue: 12
Extent: 1747-1780
Issue Date: 2008
Copyright Date: 2008
Identifiers
Issn: 0005-7959
Eissn: 1568-539X
Urn: uuid:a202fb1e-f4c0-4694-a5d2-cc6cbf9c85df
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Member of collection : ora:articles
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Copyright Holder: Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden
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