ORA Article: "Does memory modification threaten our authenticity?" - uuid:112a4335-a344-4795-89d0-85373e061e70




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Reference: Alexandre Erler, (2011). Does memory modification threaten our authenticity?. Neuroethics, 4 (3), 235-249.

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Title: Does memory modification threaten our authenticity?

Abstract: One objection to enhancement technologies is that they might lead us to live inauthentic lives.Memory modification technologies (MMTs) raise this worry in a particularly acute manner. In this paper I describe four scenarios where the use of MMTs might be said to lead to an inauthentic life. I then undertake to justify that judgment. I review the main existing accounts of authenticity, and present my own version of what I call a “true self” account (intended as a complement, rather than a substitute, to existing accounts). I briefly describe current and prospective MMTs, distinguishing between memory enhancement and memory editing. Moving then to an assessment of the initial scenarios in the light of the accounts previously described, I argue that memory enhancement does not, by its very nature, raise serious concerns about authenticity. The main threat to authenticity posed by MMTs comes, I suggest, from memory editing. Rejecting as inadequate the worries about identity raised by the President’s Council on Bioethics in Beyond Therapy, I argue instead that memory editing can cause us to live an inauthentic life in two main ways: first, by threatening its truthfulness, and secondly, by interfering with our disposition to respond in certain ways to some past events, when we have reasons to respond in such ways. This consideration allows us to justify the charge of inauthenticity in cases where existing accounts fail. It also gives us a significant moral reason not to use MMTs in ways that would lead to such an outcome.

Publication status:Published
Peer Review status:Peer reviewed
Version:Publisher's version
Notes:This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in anymedium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.
About The Authors
institutionUniversity of Oxford
facultyHumanities Division - Philosophy Faculty
researchGroupOxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics
oxfordCollegeLincoln College
Bibliographic Details
Publisher: Springer
Publisher Website: http://www.springer.com
Host: Neuroethics see more from them
Volume: 4
Issue: 3
Extent: 235-249
Issue Date: 2011
Copyright Date: 2010
Issn: 1874-5490
Eissn: 1874-5504
Urn: uuid:112a4335-a344-4795-89d0-85373e061e70
Item Description
Type: Article: post-print;
Language: en
Version: Publisher's version
Member of collection : ora:articles
Alternate metadata formats
Copyright Holder: Alexandre Erler
Access Condition: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.5/
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